India will issue tenders for the installation of 250 gigawatts (GW) of green energy capacity by March 2028, according to a government memo released on Monday (3), as it looks to cut its emissions by 45 per cent from 2005 levels.
After missing a target to install 175 GW in renewable energy capacity by 2022, India is now trying to boost non-fossil capacity – solar and wind energy, nuclear and hydro power, and bio-power – to 500 GW by 2030.
Its renewable energy capacity, excluding big hydro and nuclear power, exceeds 122 GW, while non-fossil capacity currently stands at more than 175 GW, according to government data as of February 28.
The energy-hungry nation will issue tenders to install 15 GW of renewable energy capacity each in the first two quarters of this fiscal year, ending March 2024, followed by bids for 10 GW in the next two quarters, according to the memo.
The world’s third-largest greenhouse gas emitter is also looking to boost the share of non-fossil capacity to 50 per cent in 2030, from 42.6 per cent currently. Coal currently accounts for over half of India’s 412.2 GW power generation capacity.
Out of the targeted 50 GW in new green energy tenders every year, 10 GW will be for installation on wind turbines, according to the memo. Solar currently makes up over half of India’s renewable energy capacity, while wind energy accounts for nearly a third.
Though coal remains the dominant source of electricity output, India’s rate of addition of renewable energy capacity is second only to China among major nations in the Asia-Pacific region.
While the share of coal in power generation has grown slightly to 72.8 per cent in 2022 from 72.3 per cent in 2019, the share of renewable energy in India’s electricity output has jumped to 11.6 per cent from 9.4 per cent in the same period.
The government has previously cited lower per capita emissions compared with richer nations to justify continued use of coal.