For CEOs, thirst for perks may be in their DNA
WHY DO CEOs need extravagant perks even when they are firing staff and pleading for taxpayer bailouts? It may just be in their makeup, experts say. It takes arrogance and narcissism to become leader of a Fortune 500 company. Those same traits, however, have become their undoing during the deepest recession in decades. US President Barack Obama has noticed, telling reporters on Thursday (January 29) he was outraged by a New York State report that $18.4bn (£12.6bn) in Wall Street bonuses were paid in 2008 as taxpayers rescued the crumbling financial system. “That is the height of irresponsibility. It is shameful,” Obama said. New York State Attorney General Andrew Cuomo, who is investigating Wall Street bonuses, welcomed Obama’s comments. “While Wall Street melted down, top executives believed that, unlike the rest of the country, they still deserved huge bonuses,” Cuomo said. For Bob Monks, a former executive who has written nine books on corporate governance, the reason is that the rich and powerful simply love their toys. “It’s a boy thing. Sort of, ‘Mine’s bigger than yours.’ It’s really childish,” said Monks, a shareholder rights activist and the subject of a book called A Traitor to His Class." Monks related a story about flying on someone’s corporate jet. The host was devastated when, upon landing, he saw that while he planned for a limo to be waiting at the airport another captain of industry had a helicopter take him to town. “I thought my guy was going to die. ... It’s entirely about people’s self-image.” Longtime advocates of shareholder rights were handed a gift in November when Detroit auto executives flew to Washington on corporate jets to ask for billions of dollars in taxpayer money, sparking a public outrage. More recently, it became known that former Merrill Lynch CEO John Thain spent $1.2 million remodeling his office last year, including $1,405 (£962) for a trash can. Merrill Lynch is owned by Bank of America, which consumed $45bn (£30.8bn) of taxpayer money through bailouts. Then on Tuesday (January 27), Citigroup canceled plans to buy a $50m (£34.25m) executive jet after a White House rebuke. “People don’t become head of Merrill Lynch without having a certain sense of self-importance. Once they arrive at that position, they have all kinds of toadies tell them what geniuses they are, then of course they begin to feel their lifelong feelings of self-importance have been confirmed,” said Charles Goodstein, a psychoanalyst and professor at New York University School of Medicine. Defenders of executive perks say generous compensation is needed to retain talent. Sometimes it’s jets but can also include home security systems, country club memberships, sports tickets and financial advice. The value of these benefits is considered income, so CEOs also sometimes get another perk: company help in paying their taxes. “I was CEO of a bank once and it’s not rocket science. You need the same skill set as somebody running a hardware store in a medium-sized town,” Monks said. Steve Thel, a former lawyer with the Securities and Exchange Commission and now a professor at Fordham Law School, blames compliant board members who often come from the same privileged world and can get paid hundreds of thousands of dollars for attending a few meetings each year. “It’s endemic to the system. The last administration didn’t think there was any structural flaw. Now across the political spectrum people feel that Wall Street executive compensation is out of control,” Thel said. He predicted Congress would pass legislation granting minority shareholders more say on pay and possibly introduce higher taxes on some parts of executive compensation. “A year ago it was absolutely unthinkable that this would be heard in Congress,” Thel said.
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